Most Pagan paths practice some form of magic or ritual and with that comes some basic tools that seem to be common across the different paths. Those tools are the pentacle, wand, chalice, athame, cencer, besom, bell and cauldron. Although not all paths of Paganism practice magic they do all take part in ritual in one form or another and these tools are the basics for most of those rituals but the form or use of the tool may vary from path to path.
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The cauldron is a tool that is associated with water. It is often a sturdy pot or other vessel that is used for brews, potions and other such things as well as for burning items and having small fires (depending on the size of the cauldron). Due to the many uses of the cauldron it is not suggested to consume anything from a cauldron unless it has been dedicated to be used only for consumable items and is made of appropriate material for cooking. Cauldrons may also be used for divination and are a common symbol for death, birth, rebirth, the womb and the Goddess.
The pentacle is a tool that is associated with the element of earth. It is a round item that is typically made from metal, stone or wood and the pentagram is carved into it, made out of, or drawn onto it. Typically one point of the pentacle will be at the top to represent spirit; the other points represent the elements (earth, air, fire and water) and the space at the bottom to represent you and other living beings on the earth. Occasionally the symbol will be flipped upside down in Paganism to represent drawing energy from spirit into yourself, but it is not common to do that with this symbol.
The wand is a tool that is associated with the elements of fire and air. This is a tool of invocation and it has many uses. Some of those uses are for charging items, giving blessings, drawing down the moon, casting the circle, evoking the God and Goddess, and to give direction. Wands are normally made of wood, stone, glass and occasionally other materials. They are often tipped with a crystal or gemstone as a point of power.
The chalice is a tool that is associated with the element of water. This is actually a very old symbol that has been used through out time to represent things such as women, the womb, the Goddess and containment. During a ritual the chalice might be used to represent the Goddess, part of the duality, as a drinking vessel or all of theses.
The athame is a tool that is associated with the elements of fire and water. Typically it is a double edged dagger with a black hilt. It is used to cast circles of protection, banish negative energies, charge items, and consecrate items.
The censer is a tool that is associated with the element of air. Typically the censer is a round container with a handle and is used for burning incense. The handle makes it easy to be carried and is often used when consecrating a space.
The besom is commonly known as a broom, but this isn’t just any broom that you sweep the floor with. A besom is a consecrated tool that is used to symbolically sweep away negativity and cleanse a space. Typically the besom is used to as a protective object and is used in many types of rituals and as a charm of protection.
The bell is a tool that is associated with air. It is often used in invocation and the cleanse a space. Bells are used to banish negative energies and are often used when preparing a space for a ritual.