The incidence of heart disease involves several factors. Some include gender, race, ethnicity, geography, and age.
The CDC says, “Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people of most racial/ethnic groups in the United States, including African Americans, Hispanics, and whites.” Cancer is first with heart disease second for Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, American Indians, and Alaska Natives.
Latest statistics available (from 2009), say heart disease accounted for one in every four deaths in both men and women. Approximately 50% of the men and 64% of the women who die suddenly of coronary heart disease have no previous symptoms.
The incidence of CHD among women in the U.S. varies. It’s found in about 5.6% of Mexican-American women, 5.8% of white women, and 7.6% of black women. For men, approximately 6.3% of Mexican-American men, 8.5% of whites, and 7.9% of blacks have it.
Coronary heart disease has a geographical component. A government agency study in 2010 revealed, “the region – and even the county in which one lives play a significant role in the likely development of the disease.” An ehow.com article states, “Between 2007 and 2009, heart disease death rates were highest in the South and lowest in the Western United States.”
In 2010, a CDC study followed the hospitalization rates of heart disease patients over the age of 65. It provided detailed statistics on a county-by-county basis. It revealed, “African-Americans, particularly those living in Texas, Oklahoma, the Mississippi Delta and Appalachia, have higher rates of heart disease than the general population.”
Additionally, it offered state-to-state comparisons like Louisiana had 95.2 hospitalizations for heart disease for every 1,000 Medicare recipients while Hawaii had only 44.8 hospitalizations per 1,000. Furthermore, the highest death rates for white women were in Louisiana, Mississippi and Oklahoma. The lowest was in Minnesota, Washington (state) and Colorado.
Age is a significant factor for the presence of CHD. Both men and women are more susceptible to it as they grow older. Men between the ages of 45 and 64 have a high risk, while women have it after 74.
The leading cause of death across the globe and in the U.S. is coronary heart disease. According to some experts, it’s brought on by more than the “known suspects” like atherosclerosis, heart failure, and valve disease. They insist it’s also the result from a combination of heredity along with geographical and environmental factors.