Bipolar Disorder, and Schizophrenia have very similar symptoms. Depression is a symptom of both and an illness on its’ own. All 3 of these are completely different disorders, though. If you’re not honest with your physician about your symptoms you can easily be misdiagnosed. I remember the first time I went to see a psychiatrist.
I spoke about all my issues at home, my anger, and my past. There was no real discussion about my symptoms. I didn’t volunteer them and my psychiatrist didn’t ask. S/he immediately put me on a medication for “Depression”. When one medication didn’t work I would be prescribed another and then another, and then another, and so on. After so many medications not working and the therapy not working, the physician finally asks me about other symptoms. Many of us don’t want to admit a lot of our symptoms, we don’t want to be seen as crazy or psychotic. So, we will only give the symptoms that we think will give us the weakest diagnosis: mood swings, racing thoughts, no sleep, irritation, excessive need to be alone, etc. I was then diagnosed with schizophrenia. The thing is the less you give the more likely you’re going to be misdiagnosed and given the wrong treatment.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia and Bipolar disorder:
1) Mood Swings
Mood swings are the most common symptom of bipolar disorder and are a combination of the manic and depressive symptoms. A mood swing is characterized by high levels of positivity followed by high levels of negativity and depression or vice versa.
A manic episode will present symptoms of euphoria in patients. Sufferers experience a heightened level of happiness and a sense of accomplishment.
3) Rapid Speech
A good indication that someone is experiencing a manic episode is rapid speech. Patients will suddenly begin speaking extremely quickly for long periods of time.
4) Racing Thoughts
Racing thoughts are a common manic bipolar symptom. Individuals will have a difficult time focusing on one thing and will tend to overanalyze their thoughts.
Irritation and agitation are common in both manic and depressive episodes. Sufferers are easily irritated by situations they normally wouldn’t be agitated with.
6) Increased Physical Activity
When a person is experiencing a manic episode they will often have extremely high levels of energy. To help relieve the energy, sufferers often turn to physical activity. If someone suddenly
7) Careless Use of Drugs/Alcohol
Sometimes, people suffering from bipolar disorder will turn to drugs and alcohol. Careless use of these substances may be a warning sign of deeper issues.feels the need to exercise excessively to exert energy, it may be an indication of a problem.
8) Decreased Need for Sleep
As previously noted, manic episodes often involve large bursts of energy and euphoria. These symptoms can make it incredibly difficult to sleep. An individual experiencing this symptom will require less sleep but won’t necessarily feel tired or exhausted.
9) Chronic Pain with No Known Cause
Individuals experiencing other symptoms on the list, along with chronic pain with no known cause, may be suffering from bipolar disorder. This pain can present itself throughout many parts of the body including, but not limited to, severe headaches.
One of the most popular symptoms of a depressive episode associated with bipolar disorder is an overwhelming feeling of sadness and hopelessness. Individuals will fall into a state of depression and will have noticeably different symptoms than those related to a manic episode (where individuals experience a heightened sense of happiness and euphoria).
11) Suicidal Thoughts
Individuals with bipolar disorder will often feel sad and depressed. In extreme cases, they will develop suicidal thoughts and act in a suicidal manner. If these symptoms present themselves, seek medical or professional attention immediately.
Understanding the difference between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder can be confusing, especially when patients appear to display symptoms of both illnesses. In pop culture often times incorrect terms are used to describe these mental disorders which tend to foster ignorance among viewers and the general public. These mental illnesses are in fact very different from each other.
Schizophrenia is a mental illness characterized by delusion and hallucinations. Often time’s patients will hear voices that are not actually present. They can also experience tastes and smells that are not real. A schizophrenic person’s delusions and hallucination defy logic and reason. This opposition to logical objectivity can make it difficult to communicate with them. Disorganized thought processes and speech can also damage communication skills and make it difficult for those suffering from schizophrenia to maintain a normal life.
Due to risks of self-harm or harming others, patients made need hospitalization. The usual course of treatment is a combination of antipsychotic drugs and psychotherapy.
This disorder is more frequent in men than women. Typically, onset occurs in the late teens or throughout the twenties.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by changing moods of extreme high and extreme lows. The extreme highs, called “manias”, are periods where the patient maintains an extremely optimistic outlook. Their energy level and motivation is at its highest. Manic people tend to take on a multitude of responsibilities, regardless of whether or not they can maintain them, and appear to operate at a much higher energy level than the average person.
The extreme lows of this cycle are called depressive moods. Eventually, bipolar patients will come down from their high in the manic state and hit an extreme low. They experience symptoms of depression including sadness, a great lack of motivation and lethargy.