Working poor is no fun. According to a study cited by the Huffington Post, raising the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour would pull more than half of the nation’s working poor out of poverty.
In California, the minimum wage is $8.00/hour, while the federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour.
Some employees are exempt from the minimum wage provisions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Here are five, according to the Department of Labor and Jobsearch:
1. Babysitters (on a casual basis)
Even though managing children is a challenge many teens break into the job for earning opportunities. Need a business plan? Check out the Kidshealth.org website, there are ways to start a business as a babysitter. They have suggestions.
2. Companions for the elderly
While 89 percent of Americans indicate — in one survey — that they would prefer to age in their own homes, few understand what that means.. According to NewAmericaMedia, some families enter into elder home care after an unexpected hospital stay.
It hits them just about the time the loved one/patient receives a brochure for a home health agency. A brief discussion later about limited rehabilitation services Medicare will cover, then it may become clear that “… visiting nurses who replace catheters or therapists who monitor exercises are not much help when it comes to what recently hospitalized elders need most: assistance in bathing, dressing or just moving from bed to chair to bathroom.”
3. Workers with disabilities
Looking for a job can be difficult enough for most people with unemployment numbers so high.
Trying to find a full-time job when you are disabled, however, can be very difficult. According to a career article from AOL, while the unemployment rate for veterans who have survived two wars has fallen from more than 15 percent in 2009, it still remains “uncomfortably high.” A RAND study titled Compensating Wounded Warriors found that :
“Combat injuries decrease household labor market earnings, with the seriously injured experiencing greater losses than those with less-serious injuries.”
3. Homeworkers making wreaths
The Stokoefarms website had this to say about Christmas wreath makers:
“Somehow or another, the group of ladies who work so hard to make our wreaths by hand, have all come to the farm through love. I can count on each and every one of them to put in long hours and dedication for the farm. So really from the day after election day to the week before Christmas, they are married to the barn. …. Last year our wreath crew made and decorated over 1200 wreaths, mantle pieces, swags, arrangements and cemetery crosses for our guests, in sizes that range from 20” to 72″ across.”
5. Fishing workers
From the occupations website, we learn that:
- This occupation is characterized by strenuous work, long hours, seasonal employment, and some of the most hazardous conditions.
- About two out of three fishers are self-employed, among the highest proportion in the workforce.
- Fishers usually acquire their occupational skills on the job.
- Employment is projected to decline rapidly.