Research confirmed the world is facing a very serious water crisis. Water may seem abundant but drinkable water is rare and limited.
Countries like Africa, Asia, India, Bangladesh, Turkey and many others are facing devastating consequences because they do not have access to clean water.
The United States has not been effected as severely as other countries but the future of water does not look bright.
Why is access to safe drinking water around the world limited when there is so much water around?
- 97.5 percent of Earth’s water is in the ocean and contains too much salt to drink or to use in agriculture.
- 2.5 percent of Earth’s water is fresh water, water that is relatively pure with few dissolved salts.
- Water is also found in glaciers, icecaps and underground aquifers
- Surface water which is located on the Earth’s surface accounts for 1 percent of fresh water.
- Water is unevenly distributed across Earth.
- Climate change is bringing water shortages.
Solar World Services Inc., Engineer Johnson B. O. Ayako, discussed the severity of the water crisis with regard to the access to clean water in Africa. Ayako helps to install boreholes and is also involved in the provisions of clean water in East and Central Africa.
“Water is entirely a crisis in Africa.” Ayako said.
Ayako highlighted areas which are considered high priority:
- Town/urban needs – The most effected areas are related to a piped water grid which is either partially or completely dysfunctional. Rural urban migration has surpassed the supply of the water resources with no feasible systems to supplement. Vandalism, lack of maintenance and planning have a huge of impact on the environment.
- Over exploitation of the catchment areas – Uncontrolled human activities, Africa or Kenya stares into increasingly dryer rivers as either the catchment has run dry due to little or no rain. Farming activities or others diverting the rivers, leave down stream environment completely dry.
- Lack of a distribution system – Nearly 75 percent of the Kenyan population define water source as; a spring or stream that naturally flows and the only maintenance practice is clearing any vegetation or bush growing around the drawing point. This point is shared between animals and humans on a first come, first serve basis.
- Rain water – Most communities depend on rain water for domestic use, agricultural needs, etc., despite the unpredictability of the rain.
- Chemical contamination – Is as devastating and complex as it can get.
- Rich and the poor – People who can afford boreholes, the rich, currently have enough water but dig the boreholes to have excess. A poor person must walk over ten miles to get water.
Approximate 2 million people including children die every day due to the worldwide water crisis.
Dehydration as well as diseases caused by drinking water that has been contaminated with fecal excrement, which creates a dangerous breeding ground for harmful bacteria.
Remote villages of Kenya and Uganda are badly affected. Safe water supplies are rare.
Even when boreholes are installed the problem doesn’t end there, boreholes need to be properly maintained and are not.
This is not just Africa’s problem or Bangladesh’s problem, this is the entire world’s problem. Although water is a renewable resources we are using it faster than it has a chance to accumulate.
The water wars have been going on for a long time.
Africa has several groups that are doing their best to help the people of Africa survive this devastating situation but more help and attention is needed.
For more information please visit Solar World.